One of the leading causes of illness and death in affluent nations is acute myocardial infarction. Worldwide, the disease claims the lives of at least three million people each year. According to estimates, this non-communicable illness kills one million people in the United States annually. One of the most severe forms of coronary disease is acute myocardial infarction. ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) are the two classifications based on the ECG results (Morrow, 2017). Heart attacks and myocardial infarction are frequently misdiagnosed. Cardiac arrest, mainly when the heart is not functioning correctly, defines the syndrome, which is different. Therefore, if other organs stop working, the situation could result in death.
A mismatch between the amount of oxygen that is available and what is required frequently results in the condition known as acute myocardial infarction. Myocardial ischemia, to put it another way, happens when the body’s oxygen supply cannot keep up with the demand. A thrombosis, often known as a blood clot in the veins, is produced when an atherosclerotic plaque ruptures (Jaski, 2015). Blood clots in the circulatory system reduce coronary blood flow, impacting the amount of oxygenated blood circulates in the body’s organs.
This cardiovascular problem develops as a result of numerous circumstances. These elements could consist of the following:
Age: Acute myocardial infarctions are more common in men 45 years of age and older than in women the same age or older (Mechanic & Grossman, 2019).
Tobacco: Prolonged inhalation of secondhand or firsthand cigarette smoke suddenly increases the chance of myocardial infarction.
High blood pressure: People who have persistent hypertension risk having their heart’s “suppliers” damaged.