The topic of determining what is right and wrong is included in the study of ethics. The moral standards of hypotheses, which represent our moral intuitions about excellence or wrong, serve as the foundation for ethical conclusions that ethicists reach. Two theoretical stances that are frequently used in moral philosophy are consequentialism and deontology. Deontological methods contend that people have moral obligations independent of the good or bad that may arise from their actions, in contrast to consequentialist views that concur that actions are immoral to the extent that adverse results. Moral standards influence policy. However, morality argues that moral character cannot be replaced by legislation. People and organizations frequently need to consider the ethics and legality of their acts (Brey 21).
When we discuss computer security, we are referring to the measures implemented to provide the necessary level of integrity, confidentiality, and legal protection against the misuse and malfunction of the computer system and any data it may contain. System security and information or data security are the two categories within computer security—the former guards against malicious infection and modification of the computer system’s hardware and software. On the other hand, information security deals with safeguarding data in a computer system to ensure its privacy, accuracy, and availability (Brey 22).
Computer Ethics and Security
Computer security measures frequently have advantages and disadvantages simultaneously, putting users in a difficult situation. An illustration is when security safeguards are activated to protect people’s privacy; regrettably, this security feature can also be used to prevent access from being granted to someone authorized to view that information.