human geography and international relation

International relation course: just 160-200 wordsWelcome to week 5 of your course.  This discussion question will help you prepare for your final CLA2 assignment and as such will have a fair amount of detail.  Read the CLA2 assignment listed in week 8 of the course in your Syllabus.  Then, please provide an outline that itemizes the concepts that you will include in your final CLA2 assignment.  Please be sure to include concepts learned in the course and information (findings, conclusions) from your PA1 and CLA1 papers.  Provide some brief details for each item that is outlined.  Please keep in mind that you should have placeholders for material not yet covered in lecture from weeks 6 and 7. Here is an itemized list that summarizes the requirements of this DQ (include every item in the bullet point list below, or you will not receive full credit):1. Outline that itemizes concepts learned in the course2. Include information (findings, conclusions) from your PA1 and CLA13. Brief details for each item that is outlined4. Placeholders for material not yet covered (including suggested topics from the syllabus), including what needs to be covered in your CLA2.This is my PA1:Hotel Rwanda The political tension experienced in Rwanda in 1994 saw the deaths of over 800,000 people with a significant population coming from the Tutsi community. The start of the genocide attributed to the long-time political tension that the country had experienced. It is also essential to note that the country’s population was made up of two primary language communities with two other minority communities. The Hutu made the most significant part of the people, which was approximately 85% of the total population. Despite their considerable in number in the population, the Hutus got little attention from the Belgians who colonized the country. The aspect of the Belgian administration, creating a tendency of the minority dominating the majority, developed a long-time tension that only exploded into a series of violence even before the country’s independence.Political contextThe continuous behavior by the Belgians to favor the Tutsis who were part of the minority communities in Rwanda raised bitterness among the Hutu against the Tutsi. A revolution by the Hutu in 1959 led to almost 330 000 Tutsis fleeing the country. This factor led to a reduction in the population of the Tutsis, making them one of the minority communities in Rwanda. The Tutsi’s Monarch was forced into exile by the Hutus in 1961, who later declared Rwanda a republic. Ethical violence continued even after independence in 1962, and in 1973 Juvenal Habyarimana, who was a Hutu moderate Major General, got installed into power by a military group. As a fair leader, Juvenal formed NRMD (National Revolutionary Movement for Development. After an invasion from a team of Rwandese refugees led to a directive of massacres against TutsiInternational policyFor many years, the President of Rwanda blames the French administration for funding and equipping the Hutus, who were carrying out the Massacre against the Tutsi. The film also shows the UN’s inability to sustain peace in the country where violence was escalating rapidly. As the hostility continued growing, the UN withdrew its peacekeeping forces. Although foreign governments sent troops into the country, the troops aimed at evacuating their people safe. Most of the citizens left by the external forces were guests at hotel Rwanda, Burton (2017). the aspect of the UN to withdraw its peacekeeping troops from Rwanda is viewed as a western decision to abandon Rwanda because of the challenge that was quickly arising. This aspect is seen when the head of the UN peacekeeping troops asks Paul to view of UN’s action as a Western idea to abandon the country.One factor that stands out is that the Western countries, including the US and the UN officials, knew the plans and campaigns by the Hutu to eliminate the Tutsi. France was a crucial player in the genocide by funding the Hutus. The actions of the Western countries led to the evaporation of all forms of foreign assistance. Historians agree that the genocide was deliberately planned. Despite the withdrawal by the UN and foreign aid, over 200 NGOs remained to provide humanitarian aid. Primary countries that maintained diplomatic activities include Russia, Canada, Libya, and China. The actions by the Western countries clearly shows that despite several resources that the Western countries exploit form African and other third world countries, the nations are not willing to stand with the third world countries at the time of crisis, Hafidh (2017). The bitter factors are that it is the same Western countries that fund the civil wars to create political instability, which gives them an excellent chance to continue exploiting the resources that the states. There is no doubt that Western countries have developed from the resources exploited from African countries. The status of implementationAlthough international relations policies ought to protect all UN country members, the actual implementation process of implementing some of the plans only protects the world’s developed countries. One significant example can be seen in how states are implementing the WHO health policies concerning the control and prevention of the world’s current health epidemic, which is COVID 19. Despite the continuous spread of the virus across the globe, African countries have continued opening its borders for planes from Foreign countries just because the states rely on Western countries for economic support. One fact is that it is at all the virus that could originate from African countries; there is no Western country that could have allowed flights from African countries to land. The problem would have remained to be an African problem but not the world’s problem.For many years the world’s super economies have violated some of the international relations policies of the world’s developing countries with economic sanction threats giving those countries no chance but to abide by the policies set by the Western countries. The Rwanda genocide is just one of the many examples of wars that have happened on African land but initiated and even financed by Western countries. The un-ending conflicts in the central and part of the Western part of Africa can be attributed to the fact that the areas are enriched with minerals that play a significant role in developing some of the vital economic sectors of the Western countries, Goyal (2014). Creating political instability is the right way through which the western countries can continue exploiting the resources.ReferencesBurton, A. (2017). Hotel Rwanda: A Twisted Perception. Armstrong Undergraduate Journal of History, 7(2), 154-159.Goyal, Y. (2014). African atrocity, American humanity: Slavery and its transnational afterlives. Research in African Literatures, 45(3), 48-71.Hafidh, N. (2017). The Representation Of Rwandan Conflicts In Hotel Rwanda Movie (Doctoral dissertation, ISLAMIC STATE UNIVERSITY).This is CLA1 topic:Summary:CLA 1 Comprehensive learning Assessment I (CLOs 1, 2, 3, 4,5) – Current Event Article Current Event ArticlePart I: Using a reputable source (LIRN, National Geographic,,,,, retrieve a current events article that fits one of the criteria listed below. Choose an article that interests you. If you have a doubt about whether an article is acceptable or not, show it to the professor no later than 4 days before the assignment is due. Then write a one-paragraph summary on the article (who, what, where, when, why).Article Ideas:●        Geography: environment, immigration, global warming, etc. as it relates to humans●        Culture: customs, traditions, religion, politics, etc.●        Government: elections, laws, court decisions, etc.●        Technology: new inventions, innovative ways to better our lives, etc.●        Cooperation & Conflict: foreign policy, trade agreements and disputes, wars, etc.●        Resources: natural or human resource issues between governments or groups●        History/Archeology: New discoveries or theories about the past (fossil finds, etc.)●        Empires: What country dominates the world now…and who isrising?Part II: Then analyze/react to the current event by answering the following questions, only if they apply to your article (answer as many as apply):●        What causes conflict between different states, regions, civilizations, ethnic groups, cultures, and religions?●        What were the effects or outcomes of war and conflict?●        What effect did the resolutions or treaties have on the people, country, region, etc.?●        How did cultural, scientific, and technical breakthroughs impact the way people live and think?How do political institutions impact the lives of the people?●        How do economic principles and policies shape world events?●        How do historical events influence the development of political institutions?Your completed assignment should include a hard copy of the current event, a typed summary, and a typed analysis of the current event. · CLA 1 due by Sunday at 11:59pmThis is cla2:Primary Source Analysis PaperFor this assignment, you will be taking a closer look at an international relations topicthat intrigues you. Choose a topic that interests you (historical or contemporary).Some ideas include the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the MunichPact, the fall of the Berlin Wall, India and Pakistan joining of the Nuclear Club, theCuban Missile Crisis, and the Russian invasion of Crimea. If you need your professorto review your choice, send it to them at the beginning of Week 7. They will needtime to respond to you, and you will need time to submit this CLA.Then select a primary source on the topic you chose, specifically, a speech from apolitical leader. Review Understanding Primary and Secondary Sources andAnalyzing a Primary Source before you begin searching for a primary source.If you are at a loss for where to begin searching, here’s a start:The National Security Archive: Modern History Sourcebook: Mason’s Center for History and New Media: sifting through sources, ask yourself how a realist, liberal, or constructivistwould interpret this primary source. Then select a perspective through which to viewthe primary source. You may choose to view this primary source from a realist,liberal, or constructivist perspective. Then using the CLA guidelines detailed in thissyllabus, include the following in a three- to four-page written essay:Briefly describe your source. Include contextual information about the source. Whatdoes the reader need to understand about the context (and history) in which thissource was made in order to understand your analysis of the source? Include theinformation the reader needs to understand the source, but do not include extraneous(unrelated) information.Make a statement. This should be at the end of your introductory paragraph ordirectly following the introduction. Make an argument from a particular perspective.Example: Although realists would disagree with A about B, this primary sourceperfectly illustrates three of realism’s primary assumptions X, Y, and Z.Example: Despite President X’s call for a more globalized and peaceful world orderin source B, her overall foreign policy view is decidedly constructivist as seen insource A.Example: Throughout this film, the main character’s primary motivations stem froma constructivist understanding of the world as seen in XYZ.Analyze the primary source. Elaborate on your statement above. This is the mainpart of the paper and the length of this section should reflect this. Use references asneeded. As you analyze the source, ensure that you answer the following: How wouldtheorist X view this source? How does the language in this source reflect/contradictthis theory? If you are comparing primary sources, what theoretical views areexpressed in these sources? The same? Different? What accounts for this difference?Conclusion. Keep this short. Restate your thesis at some point in the conclusion.Offer some concluding thoughts–draw connections to other material, current orhistorical events, etc.Include your source. This is NOT included in the page count. When reasonable,include the primary source(s) as an appendix at the end of your paper. This is NOTrequired for some types of source (e.g. a film). If the source is written and relativelyshort (<10 pages), include this document at the end of the paper

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